The Ethiopian government is best explained as a federal republic. Its recent constitution was promulgated in December 1994.

Nine regional member states and two administrative cities make up the federal government of Ethiopia.

The states, in alphabetical order, are: Afar National Regional State, Amhara National Regional State, Benishangul/Gumuz National Regional State, Gambella National Regional State, Harari National Regional State, Oromiya National Regional State, Somali National Regional State, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples Regional State, and Tigray National Regional State.

The two administrative cities are Addis Ababa Administrative Council and Dire Dawa Administrative Council. Addis Ababa also serves as the national capital of the country.

President Dr Mulatu Teshome is the head of state and  Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn is the head of government.

Legislative Branch is branch of government, which is known as the Federal Parliamentary Assembly, consists of the House of Federation and the House of People’s Representatives.

Judicial powers, both at the federal and state level, are vested in the courts. Judges are elected by the national legislature.

The Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), a coalition of four political parties, won nearly all seats in the Federal Parliamentary Assembly. It is, by far, the dominant political party in Ethiopia. There are also many opposition parties.