Addis Ababa hosts nine museums, each specializing in different aspects of the country's rich tradition. The National Museum also referred as the Ethiopian National Museum is the primary museum in Ethiopia. It is located at Amist Kilo (King George Street) near the graduate school of Addis Ababa University. At first, the National Museum started displaying a few collections donated by the royal family and their close associates.
It exhibits nation’s artistic treasures archeological collections such as the fossilized remains of early hominids the most famous of which is "Lucy,” recently added to the basement gallery is a display on Selam, found between 2000 and 2004. Estimated to be 3.3 million years old, this Australopithecus afarensis specimen is considered to be the earliest child, historical findings from early periods of Ethiopian history, ethnographic objects and selected paintings and sculptures by Ethiopian artists.
At present the museum has four exposition pieces. In the basement one can find archeological and pale-anthropological pieces. In the first floor ancient and medieval period, regalia and memorabilia of previous rulers can be found. In the second floor art works of traditional and contemporary works (modern sculptures and modern paintings) are displayed. The national museum is open 7 days a week from 2:30 to 11:30 local time or 8:30 to 17:30
It is founded in the main campus of the Addis Ababa University by the Institute of Ethiopian Studies with the aim to preserve the country's historical and cultural heritages. It has complete collections that describe almost all the tribal groups in Ethiopia. Here you will have an overview about the history, culture and traditions of the people of Ethiopia. The collections include the nomadic tribal groups that are now living just as man's forefather lived thousands of years back.
Holy Trinity Cathedral
A beautiful church with a baroque style of European architecture which is unique to both Ethiopia and Africa and is dedicated to the Holly Trinity. Here you will find scripts of the imperial families, statues done by a Greek sculpture, Stained glass window paintings from the Old and New Testament in the Bible and coffins of Emperor Haile Silassie-I; the founder of the church, and his wife.
St. George Cathedral
St. gorge Cathedral is which is located at the heart of the city is the church where Emperor Haileselassie is coroneted as the Emperor of Ethiopia. In Its Museum we visit clothes and valuable personal materials of the former Ethiopian kings, religious crosses, and manuscripts and old paintings.
Mount Entoto: It is the highest pick in Addis with an altitude of 3200 meters, which was the site for the first palace of Emperor Menelik-II, the founder of Addis Ababa. Here there is St. Mary church, where Emperor Menelik crowned Emperor in it and you will admire the par anomic view of the city with its surrounding forests with its breath taking air.
Merkato is "the largest open air market in Africa". The Markato is worth visiting places in Addis. You can buy anything here and the experience is unforgettable. Dress casual with a good pair of shoes or boots, keep your money well out of site and leave any valuables in the hotel safe. If you see something you want, work out a price you want to pay and bargain with the seller. Make sure you give yourself plenty of time as there is so much to see.
The Market is vast. A good start would be the Old Italian archways to the north. You can find countless electronics stalls. To the west you will find the bus station (not to be confused with the main bus station, called 'Autobus Terra'. The newer buildings here offer a wide range of traditional Ethiopian clothes. There are a number of shops that will give you good opportunity to bargain.
To the south into the grid-iron pattern of the newer market you can find the grain stores, often highlighted by the presence of people and donkeys alike struggling to carry huge sacks. Grain soon gives way to perfumes and stalls selling shampoos and soaps.
Visiting the Merkato market you have to take much care. In some respects this is rightly so, but don't let this stop you from wondering its crowded streets and Old Italian architecture. There are some safety precautions you should take.